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Frequently Asked Questions
on Student Privacy, the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, and
the No Child Left Behind Act
What is the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act and what does it
have to do with student privacy?
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) makes student records
confidential. However, FERPA permits schools to release “directory
information” to the public. “Directory information”
may include the following: the student’s name, address, telephone
listing, date and place of birth, major field of study, participation
in officially recognized activities and sports, weight and height of members
of athletic teams, dates of attendance, degrees and awards received, and
the most recent previous educational agency or institution attended by
FERPA requires schools to honor a parent’s request that any or all
of that information not be released without the parent’s prior consent.
A parent must affirmatively notify the school not to release any or all
directory information in order to protect that information from disclosure.
If a parent does not opt-out under FERPA, directory information is available
generally to the public.
What is the No Child Left Behind Act, and
what does it have to do with student privacy?
Enacted by the U.S. Congress in 2002, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)
primarily deals with improving standards in education. However, one section
of the NCLB requires high schools that receive federal funding to release
the name, address, and telephone number of students to military recruiters
and institutions of higher education upon request. This information must
be disclosed even if a parent has directed the school not to release directory
information under FERPA. Under NCLB, schools are also required to inform
students and their parents of their right to opt-out to protect their
If a parent or student does not opt-out under NCLB, schools must disclose
a student’s name, address, and phone number upon request by military
recruiters or institutions of higher education, even if the parent has
already opted-out under FERPA.
What information about students are recruiters
entitled to under NCLB?
The NCLB Act says that only the student’s name, address, and phone
number must be shared with military recruiters or institutions of higher
How do I opt-out?
Students or their parents or guardians may opt-out by sending written
notice to the school district that the schools do not have permission
to share their information with military recruiters or institutions of
higher education or both. Some schools provide forms for this purpose.
If your school does not provide such a form, a print-and-mail opt-out
form is available from the ACLU of Florida at www.aclufl.org/issues/privacy/NCLBoptoutformFINAL.pdf.
School districts appoint different people to oversee NCLB requests. You
should contact your school’s administrative office to find out who
should receive the form or letter.
What happens if I do nothing?
Your school will keep your name on a list of students whose directory
information is available to the public, including military recruiters,
institutions of higher education, and private companies.
Can I change my mind?
Yes. At any point during the school year, you are permitted to change
your status with your school by informing the district in writing that
you wish to opt-out or opt-in again. If you have previously opted-out,
a parent or guardian must make the request to opt back in.
If I opt-out of the military recruitment
part, can I still be included in the yearbook and student directory?
Yes. Your school should give you the option of separately opting-out of
the military recruitment contact list, and the yearbook or student directory.
If the school does not provide this option, request it in writing from
the school principal’s office. As with any correspondence, keep
a dated copy of your letter or request form for your records.
I don’t want my information going
to recruiters, but I do want colleges to be able to contact me.
Students or parents may request that information be released to institutions
of higher education but not to military recruiters.
My school has a military recruiter on site.
Can I still opt-out?
Yes. Students should be aware that if they voluntarily give their phone
number or address to a recruiter at school, they may be contacted at home.
Do I have to renew my opt-out status every
It depends on the policy of your school district. Contact the district
to find out the requirement.
What if the school district tells me I can’t
opt-out or stalls my request?
Under federal law, schools are required to honor a request to prevent
disclosure of student information without prior consent. If your school
refuses to honor your request, contact the ACLU of Utah at (801) 521-9862
ext 104 or email@example.com, or
fill out an online complaint form available at www.acluutah.org.
The above information was developed by the ACLU
of Florida, August 2005.
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